Title IX. A long path to gender equity.

Wednesday, March 9, 2022

This year marks the 50th anniversary of the approval of Title IX of the 1972 Education Amendments, a fundamental piece of legislation for gender equity in the United States that reads “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.”

Bernice Sandler, a devoted women's rights activist known as the "godmother of Title IX" for her role in creating legislation, argued that Title IX was probably the most important law passed for women in Congress since women gained the law right to vote in 1920.

The law ensures that all educational programs and activities that receive federal funding protect students and employees from discrimination based on sex and prohibits many aspects of gender inequality that were previously tolerated or neglected in education. Despite continued attempts through laws, enforcement and legal action to reduce its effectiveness, Title IX continues to provide these safeguards today.

In fact, this law, in addition to significantly improving the access of women to higher education, also requires university institutions to offer women equal opportunities and benefits in sporting activities compared to men. In this way, the Universities are obliged to offer the same number of scholarships to both sexes in order to guarantee equal treatment in the provisions as in the equipment, in the scheduling of training and matches, in the travel arrangements, in the access to academic tutors, coach staff, locker rooms and gyms, accommodation and catering, medical services, advertising and promotions and much more.

While today we tend to take all these things for granted, it is good to remember that this equality was achieved thanks to the actions of valiant women who have fought for gender equality since 1972.

While much progress has been made, the battle is not over yet. In fact, exactly 50 years later there are still numerous causes that women are struggling for. The most followed in recent years in the United States is the story of the women's national football team which on February 22nd entered into an agreement with the American Football Federation which will undertake to pay men and women equally in all friendlies and future tournaments including the World Cup, won by the Americans in the last edition of Paris.

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